Most cited papers before the era of ICMR

Contributor: Erwin M. Bakker (LIACS Media Lab (LML), Leiden University, The Netherlands) is a researcher and lecturer on content based retrieval techniques,
artificial imagination, and bioinformatics. He was program chair of MIR 2008 and part of the organizing teams of CIVR. (Homepage:

In the early years of 2000, the field of multimedia retrieval was composed of special sessions at conferences and small workshops. There were no multimedia retrieval conferences. One of the leading workshops (B. Kerherve, V. Oria and S. Satoh) was the ACM SIGMM Workshop on Multimedia Information Retrieval (MIR) which was held with the ACM MM conference.

To have a central meeting for the scientific community, the International Conference on Image and Video Retrieval (CIVR) was founded in 2002 (J. Eakins, P. Enser, M. Graham, M.S. Lew, P. Lewis and A. Smeaton). Both meetings evolved over the next decade.  CIVR and MIR became ACM SIGMM sponsored conferences and established reputations for high quality work.

In 2010, the steering committees of both CIVR and MIR voted to combine the two conferences toward unifying the communities and establishing the ACM flagship meeting for multimedia retrieval, the ACM International Conference on Multimedia Retrieval (ICMR).  In 2013, ICMR was ranked by the Chinese Computing Federation as the #1 meeting in multimedia retrieval and the #4 meeting in the wide domain of Multimedia and Graphics.

For archival reasons, this is a summary of which papers had the most citations from ACM CIVR and ACM MIR (2008-2010), based on Google Scholar data in the period from February 17-18, 2014.

Google Scholar citations were used because they have wide coverage (ACM, IEEE, Springer, Elsevier, etc.), are publicly accessible and because they are being increasingly accepted by researchers for both paper citations estimates and computing the h-index.

The information below is given in the format of
Rank | Citations | Article-Information

CIVR 2008

  1. 173 – World-scale mining of objects and events from community photo collections
    Till Quack, Bastian Leibe, Luc Van Gool
  2. 81 – Analyzing Flickr groups
    Radu Andrei Negoescu, Daniel Gatica-Perez
  3. 70 – A comparison of color features for visual concept classification
    Koen E.A. van de Sande, Theo Gevers, Cees G.M. Snoek
  4. 68 – Language modeling for bag-of-visual words image categorization
    Pierre Tirilly, Vincent Claveau, Patrick Gros
  5. 46 – Multiple feature fusion by subspace learning
    Yun Fu, Liangliang Cao, Guodong Guo, Thomas S. Huang

CIVR 2009

  1. 379 – NUS-WIDE: a real-world web image database from National University of Singapore
    Tat-Seng Chua, Jinhui Tang, Richang Hong, Haojie Li, Zhiping Luo, Yantao Zheng
  2. 124 – Evaluation of GIST descriptors for web-scale image search
    Matthijs Douze, Hervé Jégou, Harsimrat Sandhawalia, Laurent Amsaleg, Cordelia Schmid
  3. 81 – Real-time bag of words, approximately
    J. R. R. Uijlings, A. W. M. Smeulders, R. J. H. Scha
  4. 57 – Dense sampling and fast encoding for 3D model retrieval using bag-of-visual features
    Takahiko Furuya, Ryutarou Ohbuchi
  5. 46 – Multilayer pLSA for multimodal image retrieval
    Rainer Lienhart, Stefan Romberg, Eva Hörster

CIVR 2010

  1. 43 – Signature Quadratic Form Distance
    Christian Beecks, Merih Seran Uysal, Thomas Seidl
  2. 41 – Feature detector and descriptor evaluation in human action recognition
    Ling Shao, Riccardo Mattivi
  3. 38 – Unsupervised multi-feature tag relevance learning for social image retrieval
    Xirong Li, Cees G. M. Snoek, Marcel Worring
  4. 29 – Co-reranking by mutual reinforcement for image search
    Ting Yao, Tao Mei, Chong-Wah Ngo
  5. Two papers were tied for 5th place in citations:

MIR 2008

  1. 285 – The MIR flickr retrieval evaluation
    Mark J. Huiskes, Michael S. Lew
  2. 203 – Outdoors augmented reality on mobile phone using loxel-based visual feature organization
    Gabriel Takacs, Vijay Chandrasekhar, Natasha Gelfand, Yingen Xiong, Wei-Chao Chen, Thanos Bismpigiannis, Radek Grzeszczuk, Kari Pulli, Bernd Girod
  3. 119 – Learning tag relevance by neighbor voting for social image retrieval
    Xirong Li, Cees G.M. Snoek, Marcel Worring
  4. 58 – Spirittagger: a geo-aware tag suggestion tool mined from flickr
    Emily Moxley, Jim Kleban, B. S. Manjunath
  5. 42 – Content-based mood classification for photos and music: a generic multi-modal classification framework and evaluation approach
    Peter Dunker, Stefanie Nowak, André Begau, Cornelia Lanz

MIR 2010

  1. 82 – New trends and ideas in visual concept detection: the MIR flickr retrieval evaluation initiative
    Mark J. Huiskes, Bart Thomee, Michael S. Lew
  2. 78 – How reliable are annotations via crowdsourcing: a study about inter-annotator agreement for multi-label image annotation
    Stefanie Nowak, Stefan Rüger
  3. 45 – Exploring automatic music annotation with “acoustically-objective” tags
    Derek Tingle, Youngmoo E. Kim, Douglas Turnbull
  4. 39 – Feature selection for content-based, time-varying musical emotion regression
    Erik M. Schmidt, Douglas Turnbull, Youngmoo E. Kim
  5. 34 – ACQUINE: aesthetic quality inference engine – real-time automatic rating of photo aesthetics
    Ritendra Datta, James Z. Wang
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